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US considering up to 3,000 additional troops

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    Posted: 09-May-2017 at 1:38pm
US considering sending up to 3,000 additional troops to Afghanistan
US considering sending up to 3,000 additional troops to Afghanistan

Seeking to end a stalemate with the Taliban in Afghanistan, the Pentagon has drafted proposals for a slight increase in the number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan, as well as expanded authorities to help Afghan security forces fight the group, according to a U.S. official.

President Trump will have to decide on the proposals, likely in advance of an upcoming NATO meeting.

The proposals are the result of a comprehensive administration review of the U.S. strategy for Afghanistan, where the United States now has 8,400 troops.

More than 2,000 of them are involved in a counterterrorism mission against ISIS and al-Qaeda, but the majority are part of a NATO mission that trains, advises and assists Afghan security forces in their fight against the Taliban insurgency.

There are also an additional 5,000 forces from NATO countries assisting with the mission.

When asked in February to describe the fight against Taliban forces, Army Gen. John Nicholson told a congressional panel, "I believe we're in a stalemate.”

Nicholson also told the Senate Armed Services Committee he needed more troops from the United States or NATO countries to train, advise and assist the mission. “We have a shortfall of a few thousand,” he said.

The new proposals could lead to the addition of 1,000 to 3,000 U.S. troops to the existing forces, according to the U.S. official. NATO partners will also be requested to provide a similar number of personnel. The number of additional U.S. personnel will likely depend on how many troops are committed by NATO countries.

Additional troop levels will likely be a topic of discussion at the May 25 summit of NATO leaders in Brussels.

White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer said Tuesday that no decision had been made on Afghanistan and that the president was reviewing the U.S. strategy there.

"He's trying to figure out, walk back from a goal of eliminating this threat and then tell me how we get there as opposed to tell me how many troops we need and what you're going to do with them,” said Spicer.

“The president is asking to re-look at the entire strategy and then figure out what the footprint is in a variety of ways to get there," said Spicer. "That is a different look at what the strategy is versus what it had been.”

Other proposals being presented to the White House call for the Pentagon to set the U.S. troops levels and expand the authorities for conducting airstrikes against the Taliban, according to another U.S. official.

ANALYSIS: After deadly ISIS attack, will Trump send more US troops to Afghanistan?

The Trump administration two weeks ago gave the Pentagon the authority to set U.S. military troop levels in Iraq and Syria, where U.S. forces are advising and assisting Syrian rebels and the Iraqi military in the fight against ISIS. There are officially 5,200 U.S. troops in Iraq and about 900 in Syria.

At the time, a U.S. defense official said the same authority had not been expanded to Afghanistan pending the administration's review of its overall strategy in that country.

President Obama last summer approved broader authorities for U.S. forces that allowed them to support offensive operations by the Afghans by enabling close air support for Afghan troops and allowing conventional forces to accompany Afghan troops on certain occasions.

Such changes loosened restrictions Obama had put in place in late-2014 as the NATO combat mission in Afghanistan transitioned to a training mission. Among other things, the restrictions limited airstrikes against the Taliban to extreme self-defense situations, and Taliban fighters could no longer be targeted by airstrikes simply because they were members of the group.

As Afghan forces began bearing the brunt of the fighting, they suffered significant casualty rates. Over the past two years, they have averaged more than 5,000 Afghan military and police personnel killed each year in fighting with the Taliban.

Trump has had little to say about Afghanistan since he assumed office. As a candidate, he questioned the role of U.S. troops in Afghanistan.

The U.S. military presence in Afghanistan began Oct. 7, 2001, in response to the 9/11 terror attacks.

The number of U.S. troops remained low compared to the major operations in Iraq that began in 2003. But after a surge of forces in 2009, it reached a peak level of 100,000 in 2010 under the Obama administration.

The Obama administration also set in place timelines for a reduction in U.S. troop levels as Afghan forces became responsible for their own security levels.
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