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Land Reform in Afghanistan

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MateenK View Drop Down
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Joined: 31-Dec-2010
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    Posted: 13-Mar-2017 at 1:25am

Land Reform in Afghanistan: Full Impact and Sustainability of $41.2 Million USAID Program Is Unknown

According to land reform experts, in Afghanistan, as in other developing countries, land administration is critical to economic growth and security. Since 2004, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has supported efforts to address land reform and land tenure in Afghanistan because of their effects on the economy and the lives of the Afghan people. According to a U.S. Institute of Peace land expert, the majority of Afghans do not have proper legal documentation for their land ownership, due in part to poor paper records and land titles. To address these problems and to help the Afghan government develop a sound land administration system, USAID spent a total of $96.7 million from 2004 through 2014 to reform the existing system.

The agency initiated its most recent effort—the Land Reform in Afghanistan (LARA) program— when it awarded the contract to implement the program to Tetra Tech ARD in January 2011. The contract ended in November 2014 and cost $41.2 million. LARA’s three main components were to (1) formalize and upgrade informal settlements (i.e., supporting the Afghan government on mapping plots of land to show the value and ownership of land); (2) establish a legal framework to include supporting the Afghan government establishing laws to identify, manage, and obtain revenue from Afghan government lands; and (3) build the capacity of Afghan land-related ministries.

The objectives of this audit were to assess the extent to which: (1) USAID and Tetra Tech ARD measured the LARA program’s performance and whether it achieved its goals and objectives; (2) USAID conducted its required oversight of the contract; (3) USAID and Tetra Tech ARD designed and assessed LARA’s sustainability; and (4) the challenges USAID, Tetra Tech ARD, and the Afghan government faced threaten the sustainment of U.S. land reform efforts.

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MateenK View Drop Down
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Joined: 31-Dec-2010
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote MateenK Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Mar-2017 at 1:40am
Thumbs DownTetra Tech, Inc. was founded in 1966 to provide engineering services related to waterways, harbors, and coastal areas. For 50 years, the Company has substantially increased the size and scope of its business and expanded its service offerings through a series of strategic acquisitions and internal growth.

Today, Tetra Tech is a leading provider of consulting, engineering, program management, construction management, and technical services.

From the beginning, Tetra Tech has attracted the best and brightest minds in science and engineering, and has always focused on bringing innovative solutions to our clients' most complex needs.

Today, Tetra Tech has 16,000 associates located in 400 offices worldwide.

Tetra Tech is based in Pasadena, California.Thumbs Down

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote MateenK Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13-Mar-2017 at 1:46am
LOL BUT!
Women’s Leadership Development in Afghanistan
Afghan women and girls have achieved significant gains in education, business, and politics over the last decade. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has been supporting their advancement. Today, girls account for more than one-third of school children compared to nearly none in 2002. More than 120,000 young women have finished secondary school, and 40,000 are working on university degrees. More than 3,000 businesses are woman-owned, and women make up more than 25 percent of the Afghan parliament.

To continue and expand on this progress, USAID is funding the largest women’s empowerment program in its history: Promoting Gender Equity in National Priority Programs (PROMOTE). PROMOTE is a 5-year joint commitment by the U.S. and Afghan governments focusing on education, promotion, and training of 75,000 Afghan women between 18 and 30. Tetra Tech is working with USAID to prepare a new generation of highly skilled, talented, and educated women to take leadership positions in the life of their country.

Tetra Tech’s aim through its involvement in the Women’s Leadership Development (WLD) component of PROMOTE is to empower Afghanistan’s most talented young women to become future leaders in government, business, and civil society. Over 5 years, 25,000 women with exceptional leadership potential and commitment to positive social change will be recruited and enrolled in the program.

Tetra Tech is conducting activities with two groups. The primary group—comprised of 18,000 educated women—focuses on advanced management and high-level leadership skills that have immediate practical application. To achieve program objectives, Tetra Tech is using a capacity building approach based on experiential learning to train Afghan women in leadership development. To effectively represent all women, participants will undertake research and make study visits to villages and rural areas to learn first-hand women’s needs, challenges, perspectives, and aspirations while further disseminating the skills they have learned.

The secondary group, which includes 7,000 women, is focusing on building skills and self-confidence while preparing participants for careers and leadership roles in their communities. These young, educated women will participate in events and activities that will broaden their outlook and view of the world as well as provide opportunities for personal and professional growth.

To ensure buy-in, Tetra Tech and the WLD team are collaborating on program activities with Afghan government agencies and membership organizations, including the Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Women’s Affairs, Ministry of Education, Afghan Women’s Network, and Afghan Women’s Educational Center. Through these partnerships, Tetra Tech is ensuring that the WLD participant selection process and implementation of program activities are best suited to Afghanistan’s young, educated women and will have a lasting impact.

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